Hemorrhoids are swollen veins in the anus and rectum that can cause pain, itching, and bleeding. They are a common condition that affects both men and women and can be caused by a variety of factors, including constipation, diarrhea, pregnancy, and straining during bowel movements. Hemorrhoids can be classified as either internal or external based on their location within the anus and rectum. Treatment of hemorrhoids may involve a combination of self-care measures and medical procedures. Self-care measures may include increasing fiber intake, drinking plenty of fluids, and avoiding straining during bowel movements. Over-the-counter creams, ointments, and suppositories may also be used to relieve symptoms. If self-care measures are not effective, a healthcare provider may recommend a medical procedure such as rubber band ligation, sclerotherapy, or hemorrhoidectomy. Rubber band ligation is a procedure in which a small elastic band is placed around the base of the hemorrhoid to cut off the blood flow, causing the hemorrhoid to shrink and eventually fall off. Sclerotherapy involves the injection of a chemical solution into the hemorrhoid to shrink it. Hemorrhoidectomy is a surgical procedure that involves the removal of the hemorrhoid. These procedures are usually performed in a healthcare provider’s office or outpatient clinic and may be done with or without sedation, depending on the patient’s preference and the complexity of the procedure. It is important for the patient to follow their healthcare provider’s instructions and attend follow-up appointments as recommended to ensure the best possible outcome.