Hemorrhoid banding, also known as rubber band ligation, is a medical procedure used to treat swollen veins in the anus and rectum, known as hemorrhoids. Hemorrhoids are a common condition that can cause pain, itching, and bleeding. They can be caused by a variety of factors, including constipation, pregnancy, and straining during bowel movements. Hemorrhoid banding is a relatively simple and painless procedure that is typically performed in a healthcare provider’s office or outpatient clinic. During the procedure, the healthcare provider will place a small elastic band around the base of the hemorrhoid. This cuts off the blood flow to the hemorrhoid, causing it to shrink and eventually fall off. The procedure usually takes only a few minutes to complete and does not require any incisions or stitches. Most patients experience some pain and discomfort after the procedure, which can be relieved with over-the-counter pain medication and warm baths. The healthcare provider will provide instructions on how to care for the treated area and manage any symptoms. It is important for the patient to follow these instructions and attend follow-up appointments as recommended to ensure the best possible outcome. In some cases, multiple treatments may be necessary to completely resolve the hemorrhoids.